We know that the human brain is essentially plastic, that it constantly reshapes itself in response to environmental challenges, but that it does this within the blueprint of the species inherited experience. There are three phases during a normal life cycle when the brain goes through extraordinary periods of internal reorganization...[and] experience during each of these phases becomes critical to how the individual brain is reconfigured to deal with the next stage of life. This process is called 'synaptogenesis'... Three phases have so far been identified – the earliest months of life, adolescence and old age.
21st Century Learning Initiative
We know that real world interactions and apprenticeship engage maturing youth in learning and help prepare them for adulthood, yet we lecture students “about” abstracted ideas, separated from their daily usefulness.